A List of Unprovenanced, Post-2002 Dead Sea Scrolls-like Fragments

[First version: 11 August 2016]

[Organized According to the Protestant Old Testament Canon]

This list builds upon Eibert Tigchelaar’s authoritative list, “A Provisional List of Unprovenanced, Twenty-First Century, Dead Sea Scrolls-like Fragments” (version 1.0; April 16, 2016; version 2; September 18, 2016), but is organized differently.

Statistical observations
NB! Only the fragments that have been “identified”, i.e. nos 1–71, form part of my statistics.

– 86% or 89 % (with Tobit) of the Post-2002 Dead Sea Scrolls-like frgs are “biblical”  (cf. Tigchelaar, version 2.0, 2: “Remarkable in this list is the very high number of fragments containing sections of biblical texts …”).

48 of the 63 biblical fragments, i.e. over 76%, contain excerpts from 2-4 Bible verses. The distribution is as follows:

1 verse: 4 frgs

2 verses: 13 frgs

3 verses: 19 frgs

4 verses: 16 frgs

5 verses: 2 frgs

6 verses: 2 frgs

7 verses: 2 frg

8 verses: 2 frgs

10 or more verses: 3 frgs


Bibliography

Charlesworth, James H. “Jeremiah 48:29-31a [Provisional Research Report].” May, 2010.

Elgvin, Torleif, Kipp Davis, and Michael Langlois, eds. Gleanings From the Caves: Dead Sea Scrolls and Artefacts from The Schøyen Collection. LTST 71. London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2016.

Eshel, Esther, and Hanan Eshel. “A New Fragment of the Book of the Watchers from Qumran (XQpapEnoch).” Tarbiz 73 (2004): 171–79 [Hebrew]; V [English Abstract].

Eshel, Esther, Hanan Eshel, and Magen Broshi. “A New Fragment of XJudges.” DSD 14 (2007): 354–58.
Eshel, Esther, and Hanan Eshel. “A Preliminary Report on Seven New Fragments from Qumran.” Meghillot 5-6 (2007): 271-78.

_____. “New Fragments from Qumran: 4QGenf, 4QIsab, 4Q226, 8QGen, and XQpapEnoch.” DSD 12 (2005): 134–57.

Fields, Weston, “Dead Sea Scrolls: Significance of the Latest Developments.” The Lanier Library Lecture Series 04/16/11.

Flint, Peter W. “Unrolling the Dead Sea Psalms Scrolls.” Pages 229–50 in The Oxford Handbook of the Psalms. Edited by William P. Brown. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Hallermayer, Michaela, and Torleif Elgvin. “Schøyen ms. 5234: Ein neues Tobit-Fragment vom Toten Meer.” RevQ 22/87 (2006): 451–61.

Johnson, Michael B. “A Case Study in Professional Ethics Concerning Secondary Publications of Unprovenanced Artefacts: The New Edition DSS F.Instruction1.” Distant Worlds Journal 2 (2017): 28–42.

Parry, Donald, and Emanuel Tov, eds. The Dead Sea Scrolls Reader: Part 3: Parabiblical Texts. Leiden: Brill, 2005.

Parry, Donald, and Emanuel Tov, eds. The Dead Sea Scrolls Reader: Second Edition, Revised and Expanded. 2 Vols. Leiden: Brill, 2014.

Puech, Emile. “Notes sur le manuscrit des Juges 4Q50a.” RevQ 21 (2003): 315–19.

_____. “Un nouveau fragment 7a de 4QGn-Exa = 4QGen-Ex 1 et quelques nouvelles lectures et identifications du manuscrit 4Q1.” RevQ 25/97 (2011): 103–11.

Tigchelaar, Eibert. “A Provisional List of Unprovenanced, Twenty-First Century, Dead Sea Scrolls-like Fragments.” DSD 24 (2017): 173–88.

Tov, Emanuel. Revised List of Texts from the Judaean Desert. Leiden: Brill, 2010.

Tov, Emanuel, Kipp Davis, and Robert Duke, eds. Dead Sea Scrolls Fragments in the Museum Collection. Publications of Museum of the Bible 1. Leiden: Brill, 2016.

No. Content Designations Effects on the DSS dataset Collector(s)/ collection(s)
1 Gen 13:1–3 Wrongly identified as 8Q1 (8QGen) frg. 1a 1–3 by Eshel & Eshel 2005 (= Accordance)

William Kando ➤ Craig (& Joel) Lampe (2003–4)

2 Words from Genesis 22 dss01
“Genesis Midrash”
Wrongly identified as 4Q226 (4QpsJubb) frg. 6a 1–4 by Eshel & Eshel 2005 → Parry & Tov 2005 (= Accordance) + Parry & Tov 2014 → Tov 2010: 37 William Kando →
Lee Biondi & Bruce Ferrini † ➤ William Noah (June 2004)
3 Gen 31:23–25?, 32:3–6 motb.scr.000124
DSS F.191 (Gen2)
Michael Sharpe ➤ Steve Green (Feb 2010) → Museum of the Bible
4 Gen 33:19–34:2 Wrongly identified as 4Q6 (4QGenf) frg. 1a 1–3 by Eshel & Eshel 2005  (= Accordance) Tov 2010: 22
William Kando
5 Gen 36:7–16 MS 4612/4
DSS F.101 (Gen1)
4Q(?)GenMiniature  (Elgvin 2016) William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (2009)
6 Gen 37:8 MS 5439/1
DSS F.102 (RP1)
Wrongly identified as 4Q1 (4QGn-Exa) frg. 7a by Puech 2011 and as 4QRPb (4Q364) frg. 8a by Elgvin 2016 William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (May 2010)
7 Gen 37:26–38 “Butterfly fragment” 4Q601=4QGen37–38 (K) (Fields) William Kando
8 Exod 3:13–15 MS 4612/2a
DSS F.103 (Exod3)
Wrongly identified as 4Q14 (4QExodc) frg. 1a 1–3 by Eshel & Eshel 2007 (=Accordance) →  Tov 2010: 22–23 William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (2003–4)
9 Exod 5:9–14 MS 4612/2b
DSS F.104 (Exod4)
Wrongly identified as 4Q14 (4QExodc) frg. 1b 1–5 by Eshel & Eshel 2007 (=Accordance) →  Tov 2010: 22–23 William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (2003–4)
 
10 Exod 16:10 MS 4612/2c
DSS F.105 (Exod5)
 Wrongly identified as 4Q14 in Tov 2010: 22–23 William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (2003–4)
11 Exod 17:4–7 motb.scr.000120
DSS F.192 (Exod6)
Cf. Tov 2010: 109, 126 William Kando ➤ Craig (& Joel) Lampe (2003–4) ➤ Steve Green (Nov 2009) → Museum of the Bible
12 Exod 18:6–8
[Tigchelaar: Hab 2:1–3?]
APU1
DSS F.151 (Unid) [earlier: DDS F.Exod1]
Cf. Tov 2010: 109, 126 Michael R. Thompson – Lee Biondi ➤
Azusa Pacific University (Aug 2009)
13 Exod 23:8–10 Mora fragment
DSS F.161 (Exod2)
Cf. Tov 2010: 109, 126 William Kando ➤ Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary (Jan 2010)
14 Lev 1:2–5 Lev 1:2–5 Bar Kochba Cf. Tov 2010: 109–10, 126 William Kando
15 Lev 10:4–7 APU2
DSS F.152 (Lev1)
Cf. Tov 2010: 109–10, 126 Michael R. Thompson – Lee Biondi ➤ Azusa Pacific University  (Aug 2009)
16 Lev 20:24, 18:28–30 Dearing Fragment
DSS F.162 (Lev2)
Cf. Tov 2010: 109–10, 126 William Kando ➤ Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary (Jan 2010)
17 Lev 23:4(?) motb.scr.000122
DSS F.193 (Lev5)
Cf. Tov 2010: 109–10, 126 William Kando ➤ Craig (& Joel) Lampe (2003–4) ➤ Steve Green (Nov 2009) → Museum of the Bible
18 Lev 23:24–28 ncf.scr.004742
DSS F.203 (Lev6)
Andrew Stimer ➤ National Christian Foundation or Steve Green (Oct 2014-June 2015)→ Museum of the Bible
19 Lev 23:38–39 ArugLev frg. a  Accordance,
Tov 2010: 97, 126
Looters ➤ Hanan Eshel (Feb 2005) → Israel Antiquities Authority
20 Lev 23:40–44, 24:16–19 ArugLev frg. b-c Accordance,
Tov 2010: 97, 126
Looters ➤ Hanan Eshel (Feb 2005) → Israel Antiquities Authority
21 Num 8:3–5 motb.scr.003173
DSS F.194 (Num2)
William Kando ➤ Steve Green (May 2010) → Museum of the Bible
22 Num 16:2–5 MS 4612/5
DSS F.107 (Num1)
 Wrongly identified as 34Seiyal Numeri  by Hanan Eshel (2010). Elgvin 2016 labels it 4Q(?)Num William Kando ➤
Schøyen Collection
(2009)
23 Deut 6:1–2 MS 5214/1
DDS F.108 (Deut5)
 Wrongly identified as 4Q38 (Deutk1) frg. 1a by Eshel & Eshel  → Tov 2010: 25. Elgvin 2016 labels it 4Q(?)Deut1 William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (2003)
24 Deut 8:2–5 APU3
DSS F.153 (Deut1)
 X15 (XDeuta)? (Tov 2010: 110, 127) Lee Biondi ➤ Azusa Pacific University (Aug 2009)
25 Deut 9:25–10:1 DSS F.163 (Deut3)  X16 (XDeutb)? (Tov 2010: 110, 127) William Kando ➤ Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary
26 Deut 12:11–14 Rogers Fragment
DSS F.164 (Deut4)
 X17 (XDeutc)? (Tov 2010: 110, 127) William Kando ➤ Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary
27 Deut 19:13–15 (Eshel & Eshel 2007)
Deut 23:3–4 (Puech?; Charlesworth?)
 dss03 Wrongly identified as 4Q33 (4QDeutf) frg. 12a 1–3 by Eshel & Eshel 2007 (=Accordance) → Tov 2010: 25 William Kando → Lee Biondi & Bruce Ferrini † ➤ William Noah (June 2004)
28 Deut 27:4–6 APU4
DSS F.154 (Deut2)
 X18 (XDeutd) (Tov 2010: 110, 127) Legacy Ministries International ➤
Azusa Pacific University (5 Aug 2009)
29 Deut 32:5–9 MS 5214/2
DSS F.109 (Deut6)
4Q(?)Deut2 (Elgvin 2016) William Kando ➤
Schøyen Collection (2009)
30 Judg 1:10–12 Wrongly labelled 4Q50a (4QJudgesa) by Puech 2003; XJudg frg. 1 (Eshel, Eshel & Broshi 2007)  (= Accordance) Tov 2010: 26 William Kando (→ Émile Puech)
31 Judg 4:6–8 XJudg frg. 7 (Eshel, Eshel & Broshi 2007) (= Accordance Tov 2010: 128 (→ Esther & Hanan Eshel)
32 Judg 19:10–13, 23–28 X19 (XJudgd) (Tov 2010: 110, 128) William Kando  Schøyen Collection (2010)
33 Ruth 2:1–2 MS 5441
DDS F.120 (Ruth1)
4Q(?)Ruth (Elgvin 2016) William Kando  Schøyen Collection (2010)
34 1 Sam 2:11–14 MS 4612/10
DSS F.112 (Sam1)
William Kando ➤  Schøyen Collection (2009)
35 1 Sam 5:10–11 MS 5480
DSS F.113 (Sam2)
4Q(?)Sam (Elgvin 2016) William Kando ➤  Schøyen Collection (2009)
36 2 Sam 20:22–24 MS 5233/1
DSS F.114 (Sam3)
Wrongly identified as 1Q7 (1QSam) frg. 3a by Hanan Eshel & Torleif Elgvin and as frg. 7a by Tov 2010: 6. Elgvin 2016 labels it XQ(?)Sam William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (2003)
37 1 Kgs 13:20–22 DSS F.170 (Kings) William Kando ➤ Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary (2012?)
38 1 Kgs 16:23–26 MS 5440
DSS F.115 (Kgs1)
 4Q(?)Kgs (Elgvin 2016) William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (2010)
39 Neh 2:13–16 motb.scr.003175
DSS F.201 (Neh2)
William Kando ➤ Steve Green (May 2010) Museum of the Bible
40 Neh 3:14–15 MS 5426
DSS F.122 (Neh1)
“Qumran Cave IV” (Charlesworth 2008); X25 (XNeh) (Tov 2010: 110, 129) William Kando (?) ➤ Lee Biondi (?) (→ James Charlesworth) ➤
Schøyen Collection (2009)
41 Ps 9:10, 12–13 MS 5233/2
DSS F.118 (Ps2)
XQPs A (Flint 2014); 4Q(?)Ps (Elgvin 2016) William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection
(2004)
42 Ps 11:1–4 motb.scr.000121
DSS F.199 (Ps3)
Wrongly identified as 11Q7 (11QPsc) frg. 3a by Eshel & Eshel 2007 (=Accordance) Tov 2010: 69. Flint 2014 labels it XQPs C
William Kando ➤ Craig (& Joel) Lampe (2002?) ➤ Green Collection (Nov 2009) → Museum of the Bible
43 Ps 11:1–3 Wrongly identified as 11QPsc (11Q7) frg. 3b by Eshel & Eshel 2007 (=Accordance) → Tov 2010: 69  William Kando ➤ Bruce Ferrini ➤ Ashland Theological Seminary (2004)
44 Ps 22:4, 6–9, 11–13 Patterson Fragment
DSS F.165 (Ps1)
4Q SWBTS Psalms (Fields 2011); XQPs B (Flint 2014) William Kando ➤ Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary (Sept 2010)
45 Prov 4:23–5:1 MS 4612/11
DSS F.119 (Prov1)
4Q(?)Prov (Elgvin 2016) William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (2009)
46 Isa 24:16–17 dss04 Wrongly identified as 4Q56 (4QIsab) frg. 16a 1–2 by Eshel & Eshel 2005 (= Accordance) Tov 2010: 28. Tov (2010: 110) also seems to label this fragment X20 (XIsa) William Kando → Lee Biondi & Bruce Ferrini † ➤ William Noah (June 2004)
47 Isa 26:19–27:1 dss02 Wrongly identified as 4QIsab (4Q56) frg. 20a 1–5 by Eshel & Eshel 2005 (= Accordance) Tov 2010: 28. Tov (2010: 110) also seems to label this fragment X20 (XIsa) William Kando → Lee Biondi & Bruce Ferrini † ➤ William Noah (June 2004)
48 Isa 28:23–29 William Kando
49 Jer 3:15–19 MS 4612/9
DSS F.116 (Jer1)
Wrongly identified as 4Q71 (4QJerb) by Hanan Eshel. Tov (2010: 110, 128) seems to label it X21 (XJer) and Elgvin (2016) labels it 4Q(?)Jer William Kando Schøyen Collection (2009)
50 Jer 23:6–9 motb.scr.003172
DSS F.195 (Jer2)
William Kando ➤ Steve Green  Museum of the Bible (May 2010)
51 Jer 24:6–7 (Eshel & Eshel 2007)
Jer 48:29–31 (Puech?; Charlesworth 2010)
 DSS F.156 (Jer3)  Wrongly identified as 4Q72 (4QJerc) frg. 21a 1–3 by Eshel & Eshel 2007 (=Accordance)   Tov 2010: 29

William Kando → Lee Biondi & Bruce Ferrini † ➤ William Noah (June 2004)

Michael Sharpe →  Foundation on Judaism and Christian Origins

52 Ezek 28:22 motb.scr.003174
DSS F.196 (Ezek1)
William Kando ➤ Steve Green  Museum of the Bible (May 2010)
53 Dan 5:13–16 APU5
DSS F.155 (Dan1)
 X23 (XDan) (Tov 2010: 110, 129) Michael R. Thompson – Lee Biondi ➤
Azusa Pacific University  (Aug 2009)
54 Dan 6:22–24 DSS F.166 (Dan2)  X24 (XpapDan) (Tov 2010: 110, 129) William Kando ➤ Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary (Jan 2010)
55 Dan 7:18–19 DSS F.167 (Dan3) William Kando ➤ Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary (Jan 2010)
56 Dan 10:18–20 motb.scr.003170
DSS F.200 (Dan6)
William Kando ➤ Steve Green  Museum of the Bible (May 2010)
57 Joel 4:9–10 William Kando
58 Amos 3:4–5 Identified by Hanan and Esther Eshel in 2005 William Kando ➤ Craig Lampe (? 20022004?) Ron Wicks (? 2004)
59 Amos 7:17–8:1 (3 frgs) DSS F.181 (Amos1) Original Dead Sea Scroll Fragment William Kando ➤ Mark W. Lanier (2013)
60 Jona 4:2–5 motb.scr.003171
DSS F.197 (Jon1)
William Kando ➤ Steve Green  Museum of the Bible (May 2010)
61 Mic 1:4–6 motb.scr.003183
DSS F.198 (Mic1)
William Kando ➤ Steve Green  Museum of the Bible (May 2010)
62 Tob 7:1–3 XpapTobit ar William Kando ( Devorah Dimant)
63 Tob 14:3–4 MS 5234
DSS F.123 (Tob1)
 Wrongly identified as 4Q196 (4QpapTobita ar) frg. 18a by Hallermayer & Elgvin 2006 → Tov 2010: 35, and thereafter as 4Q196a by Elgvin 2012 William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (2003)
64 1 En. 7:1–5 MS 4612/8
DSS F.124 (En1)
 Wrongly identified as 4Q204 (4QEnochc ar) by Esther Eshel (2009). Tov (2010: 37) says it’s possibly a frg of 4Q203 (4QEnGiantsa ar), but also labels it XQEnocha (p. 37) and X27 (XEnb ar) (p. 110) William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (2009)
65 1 En. 8:4–9:3 MS 4612/12
DSS F.125 (En2)
 Wrongly labelled XQpapEnoch by Eshel & Eshel 2004 → XQ8 (XQpapEn)  by Parry & Tov 2005 (= Accordance) + Parry & Tov 2014(!), and X26 (XpapEna) by Tov 2010: 110 William Kando (Bruce Ferrini → Esther & Hanan Eshel) ➤ Schøyen Collection (2009)
66 1 En. 106:19–107:1 MS 4612/6
DSS F.126 (En3)
X28 (XEnc ar)? (Tov 2010: 110) William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (April 2009)
67 = 4Q418 ii 4–5 Motb.scr.000123
DSS F.202 (Instr1)
Wrongly identified as 4Q416 (4QInstructionb) frg. 23 by Eshel & Eshel 2007 → Tov 2010: 50 William Kando ➤ Craig (& Joel) Lampe (2003–4) ➤ Green Collection (November 2009) → Museum of the Bible
68 “4Q418”  W 16 William Kando? (→ Lee Biondi & Joel Lampe?)
69 Fragment with text from the Temple Scroll  4QTemple (K)a (Fields)
Par 11Q19 LIV 21 – LV 06
William Kando ( Lawrence Schiffman)
70 Fragment with text from the Temple Scroll  4QTemple (K)b (Fields)
Par 11Q19 LVI 06 – LVI 7
William Kando ( Lawrence Schiffman)
71 Comm Gen A MS 5095/7
DSS F.130 (Comm Gen)
 Fragment with Text from 4QCommentary on Genesis A William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (2010)
72 Unidentified MS 5439/2
DSS F.132
William Kando ➤
Schøyen Collection
73 Unidentified The Loveless fragment
DSS F.168 (Text1)
William Kando ➤ Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary (Sep 2010)
74 Unidentified (“remains of 7 lines in Greek and remains of semitic letters of the cursive Aramaic type in a perpendicular direction”) W 17 William Kando ➤ Bruce Ferrini (?)
75–76 Unidentified “Manuscript fragments in Hebrew on brown leather, beginning of a scroll with characters in a fine Herodian Hebrew Book Script. Qumran, Late 1st Century A.D. Identified by Professor Emil Puesch [sic], Ecole de Biblioteque, Jerusalem [sic]” Special Visit Ministry
77 Unidentified SIG.SCR.004741 Andrew Stimer ➤  Steve Green (Oct 2014-June 2015)→ Museum of the Bible
78 Unidentified SIG.00SCR.4768 Andrew Stimer ➤ Steve Green (Oct 2014-June 2015)→ Museum of the Bible
79 Unidentified SIG.SCR.004769 Andrew Stimer ➤ Steve Green (Oct 2014-June 2015)→ Museum of the Bible
Scraps Unidentified (Greek and/or Hebrew letters?) 3 frgs plus 2 frag. sets, totaling 15 frgs William Kando(?) → Bruce Ferrini(?) → Les Enluminures ➤ undisclosed U.S. institution

3 thoughts on “A List of Unprovenanced, Post-2002 Dead Sea Scrolls-like Fragments

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