Post-2002 Dead Sea Scrolls-like Fragments Online: A (Really Exhausting) Guide for the Perplexed

By Årstein Justnes and Ludvik A. Kjeldsberg

Dead Sea Scrolls Fragment Will Be Publicly Displayed Outside A Museum for the First Time Ever.” PR Newswire, 26 June.
→ Isa 26:19–27:1 (no DSS F.number)

Davila, Jim. “Now Here’s Something Different.”, 26 June.
→ Isa 26:19–27:1 (no DSS F.number)

Davila, Jim. “Hanan Eshel Reports that He May Have Found a Qumran Text that Tells a Different Version of the Aqedah.”, 13 September.
→ Words from Genesis 22 (“Genesis Midrash”, no DSS F.number)

Jenkins, Colette M. “Ohio seminary to be home of scroll fragment.” Akron Beacon Journal, 4 March.
→ Ps 11:1–3 (no DSS F.number)

Art Dealer Donates Dead Sea Scroll Fragment to Ohio Seminary.” The Christian Post, 4 March.
→ Ps 11:1–3 (no DSS F.number)

Davila, Jim. “A Qumran Biblical Fragment.”, 5 March.
→ Ps 11:1–3 (no DSS F.number)

Davila, Jim. “More on the Akron Exhibition.”, 18 March.
→ Words from Genesis 22 (“Genesis Midrash”, no DSS F.number)

Davila, Jim. “MORE SCANDAL BREWING for the From the Dead Sea Scrolls to the Forbidden Book exhibition in Akron Ohio.”, 17 April.

Rodgers, Ann. “Dead Sea Scrolls ‘fragments’ on exhibit.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 23 May.
→ Isa 26:19–27:1 (no DSS F.number)


Davila, Jim. “More 1 Enoch from the Qumran Library!, 15 October.
→ 1 En. 8:4–9:3 (DSS F.125)

Davila, Jim. “News on the New 1 Enoch Fragment.”, 22 Novmember.
→ 1 En. 8:4–9:3 (DSS F.125)

Ink and Blood Home: The Museum Exhibit of the Bible
Words from Genesis 22 / “Genesis Midrash”
Deut 19:13–15
Isa 24:16–17 & Isa 26:19–27:1(?)
Jer 48:29–31 (DSS F.156)

Lampe, Joel. “Bible Archaeology: The Dead Sea Scrolls.” YouTube (posted 12 November, 2013).
Ps 11:1–4 (DSS F.199)
Exod 17:4–7 (DSS F.192), see also 3:12–4:00
Instruction (DSS F. 202)
Unidentified/W 17
Gen 13:1–3

Davila, Jim. “Who Sold Them and How Did They Get Them?, 17 March.
tells the (fragmented) story of how Lee Biondi bought his first “Dead Sea Scrolls” fragments.

Adams, Lee. “The Dead Sea Scrolls to the Bible in America.” The Outer Banks Sentinel, 26 March.
“There are 11 fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls on display, including apiece less than one square inch that has text from the book of Psalms.”

Todd, W. K. “Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit coming.” The Pathaway, 28 July.
→ ”’We have everything from some fragments of Exodus from the Dead Sea Scrolls to an excerpt from Paul’s letter to the Colossians,’ said co-curator Lee Biondi.”

Schutten, Henk. “Dead Sea Scrolls in the Trade.” July(?).
”Biblical researchers are highly concerned about fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls which have recently appeared for sale on the market. Some of these fragments must have been smuggled from Israel to Holland. […] The Israeli police have been investigating four fragments [Gen 13:1–3; “Genesis Midrash”; Isa 24:16–17 (X20); Isa 26:19–27:1 (X20)] which, in 2003, were offered for sale by a dealer at the Maastricht Art Fair, Tefaf.”

Schutten, Henk. “Dead-Sea Scrolls in Clearance Sale.” Het Parool, 7 October(?).

Cook, Edward M. “A Lost Scrap of Tobit from the Schoyen Collection.” Ralph the Sacred River, 9 December.
Tobit 14:3–4 (DSS F.123)

Cook, Edward M.“Reconstruction of the Aramaic Urtext of the Greek Tobit in the Sinaitic Recension.” (Captured 11 February 2006.)

Johnson, Nick. “Ancient items, modern wonder.” St.Petersburg Times, 12 August (2007).
→ Ps 11:1–3 (not DSS F.-number)
→ Two unidentified frgs belonging to Special Visit Ministry and “a group of physicians from New Jersey” respectively.

Charlesworth, James H. “Announcing a Dead Sea Scrolls Fragment of Nehemiah.” Institute for Judaism and Christian Origins, 20(?) July.

Charlesworth, James H. “An Unknown Dead Sea Scrolls Fragment of Deuteronomy.” Institute for Judaism and Christian Origins , July/August.
→ Deut 27:4–6 (DSS F.154)

Charlesworth, James H. “Updated November 2009: An Unknown Dead Sea Scrolls Fragment of Deuteronomy.” Institute for Judaism and Christian Origins

Davila, Jim. “Two Ancient Biblical Scroll Fragments.”, 20 July.
→ Deut 27:4–6 (DSS F.154)
→ Neh 3:14–15 (DSS F.122)

Davila, Jim. “FURTHER THOUGHTS on the new Deuteronomy (?) fragment with a Samaritan reading in it.”, 23 July.
→ Deut 27:4–6 (DSS F.154)

Legacy Ministries International. “LMI Acquires Dead Sea Scroll Fragment.” Newletter, 15 September(?).
→ Deut 27:4–6 (DSS F.154)

Davila, Jim. “DEAD SEA SCROLLS FRAGMENTS FOR SALE (by Michael R. Thompson, Booksellers, at their display at the San Francisco Antiquarian Book Fair later this month), 2 February.
→ Dan 5:13–16 (DSS F.155)
→ Exod 18:6–8 (DSS F.151)

Hartlaub, Peter. “Lots of stories at S.F. antiquarian book fair.”, 15 February.
→ “three postage stamp-size pieces of the Dead Sea Scrolls […] they’re shaped like the state of Missouri, a rooster and a Chicken McNugget” [→ Dan 5:13–16 (DSS F.155)?; Exod 18:6–8 (DSS F.151)?; Lev 10:4–7 (DSS F.152)?]

Davila, Jim “MORE ON THE DEAD SEA SCROLL FRAGMENTS for sale in at a antiquarian book fair in San Francisco (San Francisco Chronicle), 15 February.

Trailer for “The Dead Sea Scroll & the Ancient World” exhibition 27 August – 20 September at the Arts House, Singapore.
→ Lev 10:4–7 (DSS F.152)
→ Deut 8:2–5 (DSS F.153)
→ Deut 27:4–6 (DSS F.154)

Davila, Jim. “2 Enoch: All Your Base Are Belong to, 20 June 2009.
→ 1 En. 7:1–5 (DSS F.124)
→ 1 En. 106:19–107:1 (DSS F.126)

Azusa Pacific University. “Azusa Pacific University Acquires Five Dead Sea Scroll Fragments and Rare Biblical Artifacts.”, 3 September.
→ Exod 18:6–8 (DSS F.151)
→ Lev 10:4–7 (DSS F.152)
→ Deut 8:2–5 (DSS F.153)
→ Deut 27:4–6 (DSS F.154)
→ Dan 5:13–16 (DSS F.155)

Cargill, Robert. “on the acquisition of dead sea scrolls fragments by azusa pacific university.”, 9 September.
→ About the Azusa frgs and specifically Deut 27:4–6 (DSS F.154)

Helfand, Duke. “Southern California universities acquire rare religious texts.” Los Angeles Times, 14 September.
→ About the Azusa frgs and specifically Deut 27:4–6 (DSS F.154)

The Samaritan Update. Vol. VIII – No.6. July/August.

Davila, Jim. “THE DEAD SEA SCROLL FRAGMENTS acquired by Azusa Pacific University get coverage in the Los Angeles, 2 October.

Davila, Jim. “SOME BACKGROUND to the acquisition of Dead Sea Scrolls fragments by Azusa Pacific, 2 October.
→ Extensive quotes from Joy Juedes, “Yucaipan brings scrolls to Azusa Pacific,” RedlansDaylyFacts, 1 October.

Keith Collier, “Dead Sea Scrolls acquired by Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary,”, 20 January.
→ Exod 23:8–10 (DSS F.161)
→ Lev 20:24, 18:28–30 (DSS F.162)
→ Dan 6:22–24 (DSS F.166)

“Early analysis shows the fragments owned by Southwestern include portions of Exodus 23, Leviticus 18 and Daniel 6, although the seminary will conduct further study on the pieces. A pen made from a Palm tree, which was found with the Dead Sea Scrolls and presumably used by the scribes who wrote them, was also gifted to the seminary as part of the collection. It is only one of three pens known to exist from the Dead Sea Scroll discoveries.
‘I am particularly grateful for having the Daniel fragments,’ Patterson said. ‘Daniel is one of the most attacked books in the Bible.’”

Cargill, Robert. “southwestern baptist theological seminary acquires dead sea scrolls fragments.”, 20 January.
→ Exod 23:8–10 (DSS F.161)
→ Lev 20:24, 18:28–30 (DSS F.162)
→ Dan 6:22–24 (DSS F.166)
→ Dan 7:18–19 (DSS F.167)

Davila, Jim. “SBTS buys 3 DSS fragments.”, 21 January.
→ Exod 23:8–10 (DSS F.161)
→ Lev 20:24, 18:28–30 (DSS F.162)
→ Dan 6:22–24 (DSS F.166)
→ Dan 7:18–19 (DSS F.167)
“The seminary bought the pieces for an undisclosed price from a private collector who had them in a Swiss bank.”

Charlesworth, James H. “What is a Variant? Announcing a Dead Sea Scrolls Fragment of Deuteronomy.” Updated March 2010, cf. Charlesworth 2009.
→ Deut 27:4–6 (DSS F.154)

Schattner-Rieser, Ursula. “Garizim versus Ebal. Ein neues Qumranfragment samaritanischer Tradition?Early Christianity 1/2 (2010): 277-81.
→ Deut 27:4–6 (DSS F.154)

Charlesworth, James H. “Jeremiah 48:29-31a [Provisional Research Report].” May.
DSS F.156

Azusa Pacific University. “Azusa Pacific’s Dead Sea Scrolls and Biblical Artifacts Exhibition Opens May 21.”, 11 May.
→ Exod 18:6–8 (DSS F.151)
→ Lev 10:4–7 (DSS F.152)
→ Deut 8:2–5 (DSS F.153)
→ Deut 27:4–6 (DSS F.154)
→ Dan 5:13–16 (DSS F.155)
“Azusa Pacific acquired the five fragments and a number of rare biblical antiquities in August 2009.”

Elgvin, Torleif. “Dead Sea Scrolls: Introduction.” The Schøyen Collection, 29 September.
→ Introduction to the “Dead Sea Scrolls” of the Schøyen Collection.

“Origin, The Museum.” YouTube, 19 November:
→ Promotion video for an exhibition about evolution and the Dead Sea Scrolls(!). Interview with curator Joel Lampe + a short glimpse of 5–7 frgs – among them W 17 and W 16 (presented as a fragment of 4Q418).

“Dead Sea.” YouTube, 7 April.
→ Am 3:4–5

Fields, Weston. “Dead Sea Scrolls: Significance of the Latest Developments.” YouTube, 16 April:

Lutheran Hour Ministry. “Bible on Trial (Part 4).” Youtube, 17 July:
→ Dan 5:13–16 (DSS F.155)

Jones, Jim. “Fort Worth seminary unveils newly acquired Dead Sea Scrolls fragment.” Star-Telegram, 14 April.
→ On Southwestern’s Acquisition of “Dead Sea Scroll” Fragments

Dead Sea Skull? “Tests are under way to determine whether […] two additional fragments, including one written on a man’s skull, were part of the Dead Sea Scrolls found in the Qumran Caves east of Jerusalem.”

Strata: Nehemiah Found in the Scrolls.BAR 38.3: 18.
→ About post-2002 frgs in the Schøyen Collection, based on a blogpost (now deleted) by prof. Torleif Elgvin.
→ Neh 3:14–15 (DSS F.122)

Book of Nehemiah Found Among the Scrolls.” Bible History Daily, 15 May.

Book of Nehemiah Found Among the Dead Sea Scrolls.” Popular Archaeology 6 (March), 22 May.

Collier, Keith. “The Greatest Manuscript Discovery of Modern Times.” Theological Matters, 5 June.
→ On Southwestern’s Acquisition of “Dead Sea Scroll” Fragments

“The Good Life Bruce McCoy – See The Scrolls 6-4-12.” The Good Life CTN flagship show, 6 June.
→ About the exhibition “Dead Sea Scrolls & The Bible: Ancient Artifacts, Timeless Treasures” (2 July, 2012 – 13 January, 2013):

Hawkins, Benjamin. “Shedding Light on the Enduring Word.” Theological Matters, 7 June.
→ About Southwestern’s research and handling of the their fragments.

The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Bible. SouthwesternNews 70/3.

Colter, Sharaya. “Dead Sea Scrolls, Bible history brought to life in seminary exhibit.” Baptist Press, 27 June.

The Largest Privately Owned Dead Sea Scroll Fragment to Debut at Antiquities Exhibition in Fort, 28 June.

“One of the largest Dead Sea Scroll fragments ever to be on public display outside Israel will be available to view starting July 2, 2012, at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary’s exhibition […]. From Genesis 37-38, the scroll fragment is owned by the Kando family of Bethlehem and is considered to be the largest Dead Sea Scroll segment held by a private collector. Never exhibited before, it is among the 21 fragments that will be on view at the seminary’s MacGorman Performing Arts Center through January 13, 2013.
In addition to this rare fragment, the Kando family recently provided on loan five other fragments for the exhibition. These fragments – Genesis 33, 1 Kings 13:22-22 [sic], Isaiah 28:23-29, Amos 7:17- 8:1 and Joel 3:9-10 – are in place for the grand opening on Monday, July 2, 2012. With these fragments, and others on loan from the Green Collection and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Southwestern has increased the number of fragments on view from 16 to 21. Biblical passages from Nehemiah, Ezekiel, and Jonah are among the recent additions.”

Zaimov, Stoyan. “Largest Privately Owned Dead Sea Scroll Fragment to Be Unveiled at Texas Seminary.” Christian Post, 29 June.
→ Genesis 33 [Gen 33:19–34:2?] (no DSS F.-number)
→ Gen 37:26–38 (no DSS F.-number)
→ 1 Kings 13:22–22 [sic! 1 Kings 13:20–22] (DSS F.170)
→ Isaiah 28:23–29 (no DSS F.-number)
→ Amos 7:17–8:1 (DSS F.181)
→ Joel 3:9–10 (no DSS F.-number)
→ “passages from Nehemiah, Ezekiel, and Jonah” [Neh 2:13–16 (DSS F.201);  Ezek 28:22 (DSS F.196); Jona 4:2–5 (DSS F.197)]

The (all-male) Lecture Series in connection with Dead Sea Scrolls & the Bible – Fort Worth, Texas Exhibition (July 2, 2012 – January 13, 2013)

Akers, Shawn A. “Dead Sea Scrolls Exhibit Takes Visitors (Way) Back to the Bible.” CharismaNews, 8 August.
→ About the “Dead Sea Scrolls & the Bible” Exhibition.

Cowen, Diane. “Story behind exhibit as extraordinary as Scrolls.” Chron, 23 August.
→ The story behind the “Dead Sea Scrolls & the Bible” Exhibition.

Davila, Jim. “Background on SWBTS DSS exhibit.”, 27 August.

Mariani, Anthoni. “Dead Sea Scrolls.“ Fort Worth Weekly, 7 November.
“The rooms containing the 21 actual fragments are tight and, for conservation purposes, dark. Of all of the displays, easily the most striking is the one devoted to Genesis, on display for the first time. One of the partial stories is the famous one of Joseph and his ‘robe of many colors’.”

Dead Sea Scrolls Foundation. “How can you take part in the publication of the scrolls?, March.
→ The Dead Sea Scrolls Foundation introduces a new Brill series devoted to publishing 80 new fragments.

Estrin, Daniel. “Dead Sea Scroll fragments to hit the auction block.” Times of Israel, 25 May.
→ About William Kando’s frgs, the Schøyen Collection, Azusa Pacific University, Soutwestern Baptist Theological Seminar, the Green Collection, and Hanan Eshel’s Leviticus frgs.

Little Bits of the Dead Sea Scrolls Put Up for Sale.” The Associated Press, 25 May.

Prigg, Mark. “Dead Sea Scrolls Go up for Sale as Family Sells off Fragments It Secretly Stashed in a Swiss Safety Deposit Box.” MailOnline, 27 May.

Barnhart, Melissa. “Dead Sea Scroll Fragments Up for Sale; Will Another Private Citizen Be Owner?CP world, 31 May.
→ Gen 37:26–38 (no DSS F.-number)

Langlois, Michael. “Un manuscrit araméen inédit du livre d’Hénoch et les versions anciennes de 1 Hénoch 7,4.” Semitica 55: 101–16.
1En. 7:1–5 (DSS F.124)

Estrin, Daniel. “American evangelical collectors buy up Dead Sea Scroll fragments.” PRI, 7 August:
→ With comments from William Kando, Lee Biondi, Jerry Pattengale, and Eibert Tigchelaar.

Lanier Theological Library. “Original Dead Sea Scrolls Fragment on Display.” 25 October.
→ Amos 7:17–8:1 (DSS F.181)

Tov, Emanuel. “New Fragments of Amos.” DSD 21 (2014): 3–13.
→ Amos 7:17–8:1 (DSS F.181)

Latzko, Laura. “Goodyear museum preserves rare Bibles.” azcentral., 11 August.

Azusa Pacific University Dead Sea Scrolls Collection.” Azusa Pacific University Digital Collections.
→ Images of APU’s five frgs
→ “In 2009 Azusa Pacific University acquired five Dead Sea Scroll fragments which include: 1) Portions of Leviticus 10:4-7 [DSS F.152], 2) Portions of Deuteronomy 8:2-5 [DSS F.153], 3) Portions of Deuteronomy 27:4-6 [DSS F.154], 4) Portions of Daniel 5:13-16 [DSS F.155], and 5) an Unidentified Fragment [DSS F.151].”

Clark, Nick and John Lichfield. “Albert Einstein’s notebook and Dead Sea Scrolls fragments among historic manuscripts struggling to find buyer.” The Independent, 2 February.

The American Judeo-Christian Heritage Foundation. 4 March.
→ mission: “To purchase, translate, display and promote the last remaining Dead Sea Scrolls (DDS) and other early Christian manuscripts” [dealer: William Kando, asking price: +$300,000,000].
→ changes at some point the name to “The Artifact Research & Translation Foundation” (before 4 October).

Burleigh, Nina. “The Messiah Cometh: Hobby Lobby’s Museum of the Bible Descends on the Nation’s Capital.Newsweek, 7 April.
→ “[…] Michael Langlois […] contacted the museum to report what he believed was a forgery in its collection and asked to inspect it. ‘I was told that Green is not interested in finding out whether his scrolls are genuine or not,’ Langlois says.”

Museum of the Bible Releases Research Findings on 13 Unpublished Dead Sea Scrolls Fragments.”, 8 August.

Gurry, Peter. “First Museum of the Bible Volume Released with 13 Previously Unpublished Dead Sea Scrolls.” Evangelical Textual Criticism, 9 August.

Justnes, Årstein. “A List of 70 Unprovenanced, Post-2002 Dead Sea Scrolls-like Fragments.”, 11 August.

Justnes, Årstein. “Post-2002 Dead Sea Scrolls-like Fragments: Number of Lines and Measurements [preliminary list].”, 12 August.

Mazza, Roberta. “Fragments of an Unbelievable Past? Constructions of Provenance, Narratives of Forgery. A Report.” Faces & Voices: People, Artefacts, Ancient History, 19 September.

Davis, Kipp. “Gleanings from the Cave of Wonders? Patterns of Correspondence in the Post-2002 Dead Sea Scrolls Fragments.” Academia, 20 September.

Jarus, Owen. “25 New ‘Dead Sea Scrolls’ Revealed.” Live Science, 10 October.
→ “[…] the cabinet minister in charge of the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA), along with a number of scholars, believes that there are undiscovered scrolls that are being found by looters in caves in the Judean Desert. The IAA is sponsoring a new series of scientific surveys and excavations to find these scrolls before looters do.”
→ “Antiquities dealer William Kando told Live Science that he doesn’t know where the donated fragments [i.e. the Museum of the Bible frgs] originated.”

Jarus, Owen. “Are These New Dead Sea Scrolls the Real Thing?Live Science, 10 October.

Burleigh, Nina. “Newly Discovered Dead Sea Scrolls are Skillfully Crafted Fakes, Experts Suspect.” Newsweek, 18 October.
→ Lev 20:24, 18:28–30 (DSS F.162)

Hindman, Sandra. “The Dead Sea Scrolls: Unpublished and previously unknown fragments will be on exhibit in ‘2000 Years of Jewish Culture’.” Textmanuscripts: Les Eluminures, 3 November.
→ “the so-called ‘W’ fragments”

Justnes, Årstein and Ludvik A. Kjeldsberg. “The Post-2002 Dead Sea Scrolls Fragments: A Tentative Timeline of Acquisitions.”, 20 December.

Justnes, Årstein. «Forfalskninger av dødehavsruller: Om mer enn 70 nye fragmenter – og historien om ett av dem (DSS F.154; 5 Mos 27,4–6) [Faking the Dead Sea Scrolls: On More than 70 New Fragments – and the Story about One of Them (DSS F.154; Deut 27:4-6)]». Teologisk Tidsskrift 6, no. 1 (2017): 70–83.

Jarus, Owen. “70 years after Dead Sea Scrolls were found, new discoveries await.” News, 8 February.

Donahue, Michelle Z. “New Dead Sea Scroll Find May Help Detect Forgeries.” National Geographic, 10 February.
→ with comments from Oren Gutfeld, Randall Price, and Lawrence Schiffman
→ “The team […] found pieces of parchment with no writing on it. Such material has become a hot commodity, with scraps of ancient parchment commanding high prices, according to Randall Price, an archaeologist at Liberty University who collaborated on the project. Much of the material is supplied by looters, who in recent years have been aggressively targeting the Dead Sea caves.”
“‘Over the past 15 years there has been an increase in the number of Dead Sea Scroll fragments offered for sale on the private art market, said Lawrence Schiffman, professor of Hebrew and Judaic studies at New York University and an authority on the scrolls. ‘Many of the fragments that entered the market since 2002 appear to be forged.’  Some forgeries have expert lettering on parchment as old as the actual scrolls themselves, Schiffman said. ‘It’s possible some of this is coming from caves where people were able to locate ancient blank material to write on.’”
“The blank parchment that archaeologists recently found may shed light on how high quality forgeries could be making their way to the market. And because it was recovered by scientifically rigorous methods, the parchment will help experts assess fragments that show up for sale. ‘When things turn up, you just don’t know where they came from—you’re relying on the testimony of the seller,’ Price said. ‘We need these controlled excavations so that when something’s found, there’s no doubt of its origins and authenticity.’”

Jarus, Owen. “28 Dead Sea Scroll fragments sold in the U.S.” News, 3 April.

Jarus, Owen. “In Photos: Dead Sea Scrolls in America.”, 3 April.

Johnson, Michael B. “A Case Study in Professional Ethics Concerning Secondary Publications of Unprovenanced Artefacts: The New Edition DSS F.Instruction1.” Distant Worlds Journal 2 (2017): 28–42.
→ Instruction (=4Q418 ii 4–5; DSS F.202).

Elgvin, Torleif. “Use of new technologies in research and publication of Dead Sea Scrolls.” Les manuscrits de la mer Morte, 70 ans après – Bilan des recherches, 26 April:
→ From 54:49 [last 5–6 minutes]: a review of suspicious features in Schøyen frgs Jer 3:15–19 (DSS F.116), Neh 3:14–15 (DSS F.122), Tob 14:3–4 (DSS F.123), 1 En. 8:4–9:3 (DSS F.125), and 1 En. 106:19–107:1 (DSS F.126).

Publication of Azusa Pacific University’s Dead Sea Scrolls to Enhance Biblical Scholarship.” News Release published on, 17 May.
→ about the formal publication of the APU “Dead Sea Scrolls” frgs to “appear as a volume in the prestigious Princeton Theological Seminary Dead Sea Scrolls Project series in 2017”.

Davis, Kipp, Ira Rabin, Ines Feldman, Myriam Krutzsch, Hasia Rimon, Årstein Justnes, Torleif Elgvin, and Michael Langlois. “Nine Dubious ‘Dead Sea Scrolls’ Fragments from the Twenty-First Century.” DSD 24/2: 1­–40.
→ deals with nine fragments from the Schøyen Collection:  DSS F.103 (Exod 3:13–15), DSS F.104 (Exod 5:9–14), DSS F.105 (Exod 16:10), DSS F.112 (1 Sam 2:11–14), DSS F.122 (Neh 3:14–15), DSS F.123  (Tob 14:3–4), DSS F.124 (1 En. 7:1–5), DSS F.125 (1 En. 8:4–9:3), and DSS F.126 (1 En. 106:19–107: 1).

Davis, Kipp. “Scaffolding Non-Overlapping Magisteria: Philology, Science and Journalism in the Study and Publication of Non-Provenanced Judaean Desert Manuscripts?” ISBL Berlin, 8 August:

Langlois, Michael. “Assessing the Authenticity of DSS Fragments Through Palaeographical Analysis.” ISBL Berlin, 8 August:

Elgvin,Torleif. “Copying Modern Text Editions in the Post-2002 Scrolls Fragments.” ISBL Berlin, 8 August:

Rabin, Ira. “The Contribution of Material Analysis to the Identification of Forged Writing Materials.” ISBL Berlin, 8 August:

Crawford, Sidnie White. “Looking for Forgeries in the Southwestern Baptist Fragments.” ISBL Berlin, 8 August:

Justnes, Årstein. “The Post-2002 and the Post-2009 Dead Sea Scrolls-like Fragments: A Timeline.” ISBL Berlin, 8 August:

Perrin, Andrew. “Ignoring, Engaging, or Incorporating Non-Provenanced Aramaic Fragments in Secondary Source Publications and Research Projects.” ISBL Berlin, 8 August:
→ Dan 10:18–20 (DSS F.200)

Justnes, Årstein. “The Post-2002 DSS-like Fragments: A Price List.”, 17 August.

Fonn, Geir Ove. «Dødehavsruller er lukrativ svindelindustri». Vårt Land, 22 August [Norwegian].

Elgvin, Torleif. «Falske Dødehavsruller i omløp». Aftenposten, 25 August. [Norwegian]

Haabeth, Nina. «Norsk-ledet forskerteam har avslørt falske Dødehavsruller». NTB/Dagen, 1 September [Norwegian].

Haabeth, Nina. «Norsk-ledet forskerteam har avslørt falske Dødehavsruller». Stavanger Aftenblad, 3 September [Norwegian].

Borschel-Dan, Amanda. “Dead Sea Scrolls scam: Dozens of recently sold fragments are fakes, experts warn.” The Times of Israel, 3 October.

Gurry, Peter. “More on Forged Dead Sea Scrolls, or ‘The Gospel of Jesus’ Wife saga times 70’.” Evangelical Textual Criticism, 4 October.

Langlois, Michael. “Nine Dubious ‘Dead Sea Scrolls’ Fragments from the Twenty-First Century.” Michael Langlois, 8 October.

Wad, Lizzie. “Can the Museum of the Bible overcome the sins of the past?” Science, 16 October.
→ with comments from Kipp Davis, Emanuel Tov, and David Trobisch
→ Tov still thinks the MOTB frgs are authentic: “I have not seen any solid analysis or arguments with regard to any particular document in the Museum of the Bible collection.”

Macdonalds, Alex. “The Dirt on the Dubious Dead Sea Scrolls: curiosities to consider as more information emerges.” Medium, 17 October.

Justnes, Årstein, and Josephine M. Rasmussen. “Soli Deo Gloria? The Scholars, the Market, and the Dubious Post-2002 Dead Sea Scrolls-like Fragments.” The Bible and Interpretation, 11 November.

Greshko, Michael. Forgeries May Hide in Museum of the Bible’s Dead Sea Scrolls.” National Geographic, 17 November.

Burke, Daniel. “Mystery at the new Bible museum: Are its Dead Sea Scrolls fake?” CNN, 18 November.
→  “The evangelical movement is really getting played here” (Kipp Davis).
→ “Every antiquities seller knew the Greens were buying everything and not asking questions about anything” (Joel Baden).
→ “The leather parchment appeared ancient enough, but the writing looked stretched and squeezed to fit the misshapen fragments. Some had bleeding letters and other markers of a scribe struggling to write on a weathered surface. One fragment [DSS F.201] had what appeared to be an annotation from a 1937 edition of the Hebrew Bible, an almost unbelievable anachronism.”
→ “[…] [Davis] became convinced that at least six of the Greens’ 13 fragments are almost certainly forgeries.”
→ “Justnes […] believes all 13 of the Greens’ fragments are modern-day forgeries.”
→ “[Emanuel] Tov says he is not convinced the fragments are fake. ‘I will not say the Museum of the Bible has no inauthentic fragments,” he said. ‘I will say I have not seen the proof.’ The handwriting anomalies Davis describes also occur in authentic Dead Sea Scrolls, Tov says.”
→ “[…] Tov also noted that one of the world’s leading paleographers, Ada Yardeni, has studied the museum’s fragments. ‘She is accepted by everyone as the best paleographer in the world, and she has not raised one issue with the handwriting being non-authentic,’ Tov said.”
→ “During a recent interview at the Bible museum […] [Steve Green] said he wasn’t sure who sold him the Dead Sea Scroll fragments.”
→ “[…] [David] Trobisch says the museum knows — and will display — the provenance of the Dead Sea Scroll fragments. All but one, he said, can be traced back to the Kando family […] Still, Trobisch said the museum does not know where the fragments first came from. According to Tov, the Kandos listed the fragments as coming from ‘Qumran Cave 4,’ one of the 11 caves where Dead Sea Scrolls have been discovered. But both Tov and Trobisch question that. ‘I personally don’t think anyone in the world can know where they came from,’ Trobisch said.”

Press, Michael. “As the New Museum of the Bible Opens, Questions About its Scholarship Remain.” Hyperallergic, 20 November.
→ some or all of the thirteen Dead Sea Scroll fragments are likely modern forgeries
→ “Recent reporting on the museum collection’s purported Dead Sea Scroll fragments referred to three additional fragments not included in last year’s publication — three fragments not previously mentioned anywhere. Despite the scandals , despite the likelihood of forgery, despite the likelihood of illegal activities associated with unprovenanced artifacts, it seems that the Greens are continuing to purchase them.”

Beaumont, Peter, and Oliver Laughland. “Trade in Dead Sea Scrolls awash with suspected forgeries, experts warn.” The Guardian, 21 November.
→ with comments from Kipp Davis, Årstein Justnes, Dorothy Patterson, Martin Schøyen, William Kando, and Ira Rabin.

Rasmussen, Josephine M. «Forfalskninger som bestilt [Forgeries – as ordered]». Klassekampen, 30 November. [Norwegian]

Papin, Alice. “Les 13 faux parchemins de la mer Morte.La Vie 3774, 21 December, 60-61.
→ Interview with Michael Langlois about the scandal of Dea Sea scrolls forgeries, especially in the Museum of the Bible in Washington, DC.

University Relations. “APU’s Dead Sea Scroll Fragments Published.”, 22 January.
→ The article says that Azusa Pacific’s School of Theology faculty team will publish its five DSS fragments “in an early 2018 series of the prestigious Princeton Theological Seminary Dead Sea Scrolls Project”.

Eibert Tigchelaar. “Beautiful Bookhands and Careless Characters: An Alternative Approach to the Dead Sea Scrolls.” The 8th Annual Rabbi Tann Memorial Lecture. University of Birmingham, 24 January 2018.
→ Deut 32:5–9 (DSS F.109), Words from Genesis 22 (“Genesis Midrash”), Deut 8:2–5 (DSS F.153), and Deut 27:4–6 (DSS F.154).

Hurtado, Larry. “Dead Sea Scrolls Fragments of Dubious Authenticity.” Larry Hurtado’s Blog, 15 March.

Elgvin, Torleif. “Slik avslørte vi de falske dødehavsrullene”., 15 April.

Barry, Jennifer and Eva Mroczek. “Origins Forum: Discovery and Interpretation of First-Millennium Manuscripts,” in Origin Stories: A Forum on the “Discovery” and Interpretation of First-Millennium Manuscripts. Edited by Jennifer Barry and Eva Mroczek. Marginalia, 22 June.

Davis, Kipp. “Gleanings from the Cave of Wonders? Fragments, Forgeries, and ‘Biblicism’ in the Dead Sea Scrolls,” in Origin Stories: A Forum on the “Discovery” and Interpretation of First-Millennium Manuscripts. Edited by Jennifer Barry and Eva Mroczek. Marginalia, 22 June.

Justnes, Årstein. “Fragments for Sale: Dead Sea Scrolls,” in Origin Stories: A Forum on the “Discovery” and Interpretation of First-Millennium Manuscripts. Edited by Jennifer Barry and Eva Mroczek. Marginalia, 22 June.

Mroczek, Eva. “Batshit Stories: New Tales of Discovering Ancient Texts,” in Origin Stories: A Forum on the “Discovery” and Interpretation of First-Millennium Manuscripts. Edited by Jennifer Barry and Eva Mroczek. Marginalia, 22 June.

Brill Publishing. “’Nine Dubious Dead Sea Scrolls Fragments from the Twenty-First Century’ explained.” Youtube, 7 August.

Museum of the Bible Releases Research Findings on Fragments in Its Dead Sea Scrolls Collection.”, 22 October.
→ “[…] the German-based Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM) has performed a battery of tests and concluded that the five fragments show characteristics inconsistent with ancient origin and therefore will no longer be displayed at the museum.”

Moss, Candida. “No Surprise: Museum’s Dead Sea Scrolls Turn Out to Be Forgeries.” The Daily Beast, 22 October.
→ “Now, it is revealed, the five small scraps purported to be parts of the Dead Sea Scrolls are forgeries. This isn’t news to scholars, though, who have been objecting to the presence of the fragments in the museum for roughly two years.”
→ “Some (full disclosure: I [CM] was among them) felt that the scrolls should not have been exhibited if the museum could not account for the authenticity or origins of these fragments.”

Greshko, Michael. “Five of Museum of the Bible’s Dead Sea Scrolls are forgeries.” National Geographic, 22 October.
→ with comments from Lawrence Schiffman, Kipp Davis, and Årstein Justnes. According to the article, it was Schiffman who wrote the placard text to the post-2002 fragments exhibited at Museum of the Bible.
→ “[In 2017] Schiffman said that at least a few of the post-2002 fragments must be real, since they fit into authentic Dead Sea Scrolls like puzzle pieces.”
DSS F.197 (Jona 4:2–5): “In that fragment […] one Hebrew character is squeezed into a corner that wouldn’t have been there when the parchment was whole. The lines of text also seem to follow the contours of the fragment’s torn edges. ‘These [lines of text] are probably not authentic,’ says Davis. ‘It looks more like the letters were applied to something that has already deteriorated.’”

Iati, Marisa. “Museum of the Bible in D.C. removes items billed as Dead Sea Scrolls after experts find they are not authentic.” Washington Post, 22 October.

Ingvorsen, Emil Søndergård. “Museum i Washington: Fem værdifulde Dødehavsruller er falske.” DR, 22 October. [Danish]

Staff Reporter. “World famous Dead Sea Scrolls at Museum of the Bible ‘are fake’.” Independent, 22 October.

Bible Museum says five of its Dead Sea Scrolls are fake.” BBC News, 23 October.

Burke, Daniel. “Bible Museum says five of its Dead Sea Scrolls are fake.” CNN, 23 October.
→ “… [Kipp Davis] believes 2-4 of the Greens’ 16 fragments may be authentic, but that at least 8 are fake.”

Borschel-Dan, Amanda. “Five proven Dead Sea Scroll forgeries only the tip of the iceberg, scholars say.” The Times of Israel, 23 October.

Caron, Christina. “Museum of Bible Removes Dead Sea Scrolls It Suspects Are Fake.” The New York TImes, 23 October.

Solly, Meilan. “Museum of the Bible Acknowledges Five of Its Dead Sea Scrolls Are Forgeries.”, 23 October.

Henry, Andrew. “A Dead Sea Scrolls Forgery Casts Doubt on the Museum of the Bible.” The Atlantic, 24 October.

Press, Michael. “Dead Sea Scrolls at the Museum of the Bible Revealed as Forgeries.” Hyperallergic, 24 October.

Langlois, Michael. “À Washington, la Bible falsifiée.” The Conversation, 25 October.

Updated English version: “Fake scrolls at the Museum of the Bible.Michael Langlois: Bible and HIstory, 5 November.

BAM Research on the Dead Sea Scrolls fragments for the Museum of the Bible, Washington D.C.” BAM: Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung, 26 October.

FAQs regarding BAM’s research report on the five Dead Sea Scrolls fragments for the Museum of the Bible.” BAM: Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung, 26 October.

Burke, Daniel. “After Bible Museum scandal, more American Christians suspect they bought fake Dead Sea Scrolls.” CNN, 27 October.

David, Ariel. “Dead Sea Scroll Fakes Abound, and Scholars Admit They Share the Blame.” Haaretz, 28 October.

Charney, Noah. “Lessons from the Museum of the Bible’s fake Dead Sea Scrolls: How not to buy looted antiquities.” Salon, 29 October.

Stackert, Jeffrey. “Faking the Bible.” Academia, 29 October.

Falk, Daniel. “The Dead Sea Scrolls are a priceless link to the Bible’s past.” The Conversation, 30 October.

Fincham, Derek. “Taxpayers paid triple for the forgeries at the Museum of the Bible.”  Illicit Cultural Property Blog, 30 October.

Nongbri, Brent. “An Old Quote from Frank Moore Cross on Unprovenanced Artifacts.” Variant Readings, 30 October.
→ “The forged fragments in the Museum of the Bible collection managed to deceive two of the most respected specialists in the field: Emanuel Tov (editor of the volume) and Ada Yardeni (the palaeographic expert who inspected each of the pieces). This fact, I think, says something about the state of the discipline of Hebrew palaeography.”

Mazza, Roberta. “Open letter to Brill: Fake and unprovenanced manuscripts.” Faces&Voices, 5 November.

Schiffman, Lawrence. “Buyer Beware! How Forged Dead Sea Scrolls Were Exposed by High-Tech Tests.” Ami Magazine, 7 November.
→ “[…] many if not all of these 70 fragments are almost certainly modern forgeries.”
→ “Frankly, by the time the museum opened in November of 2017, I was convinced that some if not all of their fragments were forgeries.”
→ “I myself served as an advisor to Azusa Pacific University, an Evangelical school in California, and we received what appeared to be completely appropriate documents of authenticity as well as confirmation from a leading scholar who had investigated and transcribed the fragments.”

Navarro, Beatriz. “El misterio de las biblias ‘fake’.” La Vanguardia, 25 November.

Draper, Robert. “Inside the cloak-and-dagger search for sacred texts.” National Geographic, 27 November.
→ “In 1967, during the Arab-Israeli Six Day War, Israeli intelligence officers seized the Temple Scroll from Kando’s home, claiming it as government property. After the incident Kando reportedly started furtively moving his remaining scroll fragments to relatives in Lebanon and later to a bank vault in Switzerland.
[…] ‘Steve Green came to see me many times,’ William Kando tells me through a cloud of cigarette smoke the morning we meet in his Jerusalem shop. ‘He’s an honest man, a good Christian. He offered me $40 million for my Genesis fragment. I refused. Some people say it is priceless.’
Green, through a spokesperson, says Kando set the price at $40 million, and he opted not to purchase it. Instead he bought more affordable scroll fragments.
The merchant offers me more coffee, then fumbles through a ledger. ‘Here, you can see,’ he says, pointing to a notation that he had sold seven Dead Sea Scroll fragments to Green in May 2010.”
→ “Kando indignantly denies that his family sold inauthentic fragments, suggesting that any forgeries must have come from less reputable dealers. Green, for his part, seems philosophical about his prize acquisitions. ‘You would hope it would be different in the biblical world,’ he says. ‘But as it turns out, like in any other business, there are some shady people just trying to make a buck. All you can do is learn from your mistakes and not do business with them anymore.’”

Navarro, Beatriz. “Los evangélicos buscaban credibilidad pero la han perdido.” La Vanguardia, 27 November.
→ Interview with Michael Langlois
→ “La primera reacción del Museo de la Biblia de Washington cuando, en febrero del 2016, el profesor Michael Langlois les contactó para advertirles que sus fragmentos de los manuscritos del Mar Muerto podían ser una falsificación y pedirles poder examinar unas fotografías de alta resolución no fue muy positiva. ‘Emanuel Tov, que era el editor del libro que preparaban sobre el tema, me dijo que la gente ahí no estaba muy interesada en averiguar si eran falsos’, explica Langlois […].”
→ “[…] muchas falsificaciones parecen haberse vendido por William Kando. Pero esto debe ser confirmado por los coleccionistas, que hasta ahora son reacios a facilitar esa información. Y aunque se confirme, no significa que Kando sea el falsificador. Él mismo podría haber sido engañado por falsificadores que le pidieron que vendiera sus supuestos manuscritos del Mar Muerto. Si este es el caso, podría decirnos quién se lo propuso. Esperemos que un investigador, de la policía o la prensa, llegue algún día hasta el fondo del asunto.”
→ Concerning the frgs belonging to Azusa Pacific and Southwestern Theological Seminary: “He visto fotografías de algunos de ellos. No suelen ser muy buenas pero puedo reconocer la escritura del mismo falsificador en varios de ellos.”

3 thoughts on “Post-2002 Dead Sea Scrolls-like Fragments Online: A (Really Exhausting) Guide for the Perplexed

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